Amelanchier arborea

Downy Serviceberry, Shadbush




  • native to northeastern United States down through Florida and across to Iowa
  • hardy to zone 4

Habit and Form

  • a deciduous, small tree or large shrub
  • 15' to 25' tall
  • multi-stemmed
  • rounded crown
  • medium texture
  • medium growth rate

Summer Foliage

  • deciduous simple leaves
  • alternate leaf arrangement
  • elliptic leaf shape
  • 1" to 3" long
  • serrated leaf margin
  • medium green leaf color

Autumn Foliage

  • yellow-orange to red fall color
  • colors early and leaves fall early


  • white flowers
  • flowers borne in pendulous racemes
  • 2" to 4" long
  • blooms early spring
  • showy but short-lived


  • red fruit
  • pome fruit
  • 0.25" to 0.33" in diameter
  • ripens in June
  • favorite of birds


  • smooth, grayish bark
  • "striped" with vertical fissures
  • very ornamental
  • olive-green young stems


  • transplant from container
  • prefers moist, well-drained, acidic soil
  • full sun to partial shade
  • tolerant of pollution
  • thrives in wet site

Landscape Uses

  • for bark effect
  • specimen planting
  • small grouping
  • flower effect
  • naturalized areas
  • wet sites
  • background or screen


  • rusts, scales, aphids and mildews

ID Features

  • cordate leaf base
  • long, pointed terminal buds, 0.5' long
  • reddish buds are imbricate with silky hairs
  • white flowers held in long racemes
  • red, edible fruit
  • alternate leaf arrangement


  • by seed
  • by cuttings


No selections of this species are commonly offered, but see listings under the other Amelanchier species.

© Copyright Mark H. Brand, 1997-2015.

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Citation and Acknowledgements: University of Connecticut Plant Database,, Mark H. Brand, Department of Plant Science and Landscape Architecture, Storrs, CT 06269-4067 USA.