Amelanchier canadensis

Shadblow Serviceberry, Thicket Serviceberry




  • native to Maine and down through the Carolinas
  • zone 3
  • naturally occurs in wet sites, bogs, and swamps

Habit and Form

  • deciduous large shrub or small tree
  • usually pruned up like tree to view bark
  • multi-stemmed
  • 6' to 20' tall
  • suckers at base
  • medium texture

Summer Foliage

  • alternate leaf arrangement
  • oblong leaf shape
  • 1.5" to 2.5" long and up to 1" wide
  • rounded leaf base
  • serrulate leaf margins
  • wooly to glabrous leaf surface
  • dark green leaf color

Autumn Foliage

  • gold fall color
  • leaves fall quickly and early


  • white flowers
  • flowers held in erect racemes
  • racemes are 2" to 3" long
  • blooms late March
  • petals are obovate


  • red changing to black fruit
  • sweet, edible fruit


  • gray-silver bark
  • striped
  • glabrous, young stems
  • small lenticels
  • imbricate buds, conical in shape
  • buds are reddish purple


  • full sun
  • prefers wet sites
  • generally pruned up to form small tree
  • transplants easily

Landscape Uses

  • for bark effect
  • specimen planting
  • small grouping
  • flower effect


  • rusts, scales, aphids and mildews

ID Features

  • silver-gray striped bark
  • white flowers held in long racemes
  • black, edible fruit
  • alternate leaf arrangement
  • reddish purple, conical buds


  • by seed


'Glennform' (Rainbow Pillar®) - A shrubby form with pronounced upright, narrow habit to 20' tall. This habit suggests its use in hedging and screening.

'Prince William' - Perhaps a hybrid with A. laevis. A multi-stemmed, shrubby form probably not exceeding 10' which is known for good fruit set and consistent multi-colored fall leaves.

'Sprizam' (Spring Glory®) - A new variety, notable for its compact, upright habit reaching only 12' tall and 8'-10' wide. Fall color is orange/yellow.

'Trazam' (Tradition®) - Another new selection, this form is useful because it maintains a central leader and may be employed where a small tree is required. Mature height is 25'-30' tall, and the plant has good early bloom and fall color. May be a hybrid or selection of another Amelanchier species.

© Copyright Mark H. Brand, 1997-2015.

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Citation and Acknowledgements: University of Connecticut Plant Database,, Mark H. Brand, Department of Plant Science and Landscape Architecture, Storrs, CT 06269-4067 USA.