Viburnum cassinoides

Witherod Viburnum




  • native to eastern United States
  • cold hardy to zone 3

Habit and Form

  • a dense, multistemmed shrub
  • 5' to 6' tall
  • equal spread
  • dense, rounded crown
  • arching branches
  • medium texture
  • moderate growth rate

Summer Foliage

  • opposite leaf arrangement
  • simple, deciduous leaves
  • elliptic leaf shape
  • 1.5" to 3.5" long
  • new growth reddish
  • dull green leaf color

Autumn Foliage

  • red to purple fall color
  • showy


  • creamy white flowers
  • borne in 2" to 5" flat-topped cymes,
  • blooms in late June
  • showy


  • pink fruit, changing to black
  • matures in September


  • brown stems
  • rough
  • nondescript


  • very easy to grow
  • full sun to partial shade
  • soil adaptable from dry to fairly wet
  • easily transplanted

Landscape Use

  • useful for its extreme durability
  • border
  • screen
  • naturalizing
  • parking lots
  • mass plantings and groupings
  • to attract birds
  • provides a nice neutral effect in the landscape
  • difficult sites


  • free from serious problems
  • may need occasional rejuvenation pruning

ID Features

  • opposite leaves
  • blue-black fruits in flat clusters
  • dense, twiggy, suckering habit
  • flat clusters of small creamy white flowers
  • valvate flower buds similar to V. lentago
  • vegetative buds valvate, long and narrow


  • by cuttings
  • by seed


var. angustifolium - This variant grows slower and more open than the species, though its most notable feature is the elongated, more narrow leaves.

'Deep Pink' - This selection features deep pink fruit and was discovered in Maine by Connecticut nurseryman, Mike Johnson.

The following are selections of Viburnum nudum, a species closely allied to V. cassinoides that some authorities include with the species.

'Count Pulaski' - This open-growing plant offers larger, glossy leaves and wonderful fruit that pass through shades of pink, lavender, blue and black.

'Winterthur' - A recent introduction that has become popular, this is a dense shrub that bears glossy leaves and ample quantities of colorful fruit.

© Copyright Mark H. Brand, 1997-2015.

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Citation and Acknowledgements: University of Connecticut Plant Database,, Mark H. Brand, Department of Plant Science and Landscape Architecture, Storrs, CT 06269-4067 USA.